Reference Guide



The following definitions apply specifically to printers.

Software that helps you carry out a particular task, such as word processing or financial planning.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standardized coding system for assigning numerical codes to letters and symbols.
The horizontal lines that sometimes appear when printing graphics. This occurs when the print head is misaligned. See also MicroWeave.
A binary digit (0 or 1), which is the smallest unit of information used by a printer or computer.
The lightness or darkness of an image.
The portion of the printer's memory used to store data before printing it.
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
characters per inch (cpi)
A measure of the size of text characters, sometimes referred to as pitch.
Cyan (blue-green), magenta, yellow, and black. These colored inks are used to create the subtractive system array of printed colors.
color matching
A method of processing color data so that colors displayed on a computer screen closely match colors in printouts. A variety of color-matching software is available.
Macintosh software that is designed to help you get WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) color output. This software prints colors as you see them on your screen.
See characters per inch (cpi).
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned on, reset, or initialized.
A halftoning method in which dots are arranged in an orderly pattern. Dithering works best when printing images with solid colors, such as charts and graphs.
Direct Memory Access. A data transfer feature that bypasses a computer's CPU and allows direct communication between a computer and peripheral devices (like printers), and between one peripheral device and another.
Dots per inch. The dpi measures the resolution. See also resolution.
A memory device, such as a CD-ROM, hard disk, or floppy disk drive. In Windows, a letter is assigned to each drive for easy management.
Software that sends instructions to a computer peripheral to tell it what to do. For example, your printer driver accepts print data from your word processor application and sends instructions to the printer on how to print this data. Together, the printer driver and printer utilities are referred to as "printer software". See also printer software.
economy printing
Printing in which images are printed with fewer dots to save ink.
Edge Smoothing
Improves the print quality of low-resolution images by smoothing jagged edges and lines. This setting has no effect on high-resolution images or on text.
error diffusion
Error diffusion blends individual colored dots with the colors of the surrounding dots to create the appearance of natural colors. By blending colored dots, the printer can achieve excellent colors and subtle color gradation. This method is best suited for printing documents that contain detailed graphics or photographic images.
Abbreviation for EPSON Standard Code for Printers, the system of commands your computer uses to control your printer. It is standard for all EPSON printers and is supported by most applications for personal computers.
The enhanced version of the ESC/P printer command language. Commands in this language produce laser-like features, such as scalable fonts and enhanced graphics printing.
Finest detail
This printer software setting automatically makes your printouts sharper and clearer, especially for text. Be aware that this may increase the time required for printing.
A style of type designated by a family name.
A scale of shades of gray from black to white. Grayscale is used to represent colors when printing with black ink only.
Patterns of black or colored dots used to reproduce an image.
high speed printing
Printing in which the print head prints images in both directions as it moves back and forth. This provides faster printing.
ICM (Image Color Matching)
The color matching method used by Windows Me, 98, 95, and 2000 to match the colors in your printout with the colors displayed on your screen.
Returns the printer to its defaults (fixed set of conditions). This happens every time you turn on the printer or reset the printer.
ink cartridge
Contains the ink that your printer uses to print.
ink jet
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by precisely spraying ink onto paper.
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel interface transmits data one character or code at a time. A serial interface transmits data one bit at a time.
interface cable
The cable that connects the computer to the printer.
local printer
The printer connected to the computer's port directly by an interface cable.
Materials upon which data is printed, such as envelopes, plain paper, special paper, and transparency film.
The part of the printer's electronic system that is used to store information (data). Some information is fixed and is used to control how the printer operates. Information that is sent to the printer from the computer is stored in memory temporarily. See also RAM and ROM.
Printing in which images are printed in finer increments to reduce the possibility of banding and to produce laser-like images. See also banding.
Printing which uses only one color of ink, usually black.
Fine tubes in the print head through which ink is sprayed onto the page. Print quality may decline if the print head nozzles are clogged.
operation check
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When you perform a printer operation check, the printer prints the ROM version, code page, ink counter code, and a nozzle check pattern.
parallel interface
See interface.
An interface channel through which data is transmitted between devices.
printable area
The area of a page on which the printer can print. It is smaller than the physical size of the page due to margins.
printer driver
See driver.
printer software
The printer software which comes with your printer includes a printer driver and printer utilities. The printer driver lets you choose from a wide variety of settings to get the best results from your printer. The printer utilities help you check the printer and keep it in top operating condition. See also driver and utilities.
printer utilities
See utilities.
print queue
When your printer is connected to a network, a waiting line in which print jobs that are sent to the printer while it is busy are stored until they can be printed.
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer's memory used as a buffer and for storing user-defined characters. All data stored in RAM is lost when the printer is turned off.
To return a printer to its defaults by turning the printer off, then back on.
The number of dots per inch used to represent an image.
Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that can only be read and cannot be used for data storage. ROM retains its contents when you turn off the printer.
Red, green, and blue. These colors, in phosphors irradiated by a cathode ray tube (CRT) monitor's electron gun, are used to create the additive array of screen colors.
serial interface
See interface.
The first step in printing, in which the printer software converts the print data into codes that your printer understands. This data is then sent directly to the printer or to the print server.
spool manager
The software that converts print data into codes that your printer understands. See also spool.
The color management method used to maintain color consistency between devices which adhere to the sRGB standard.
Status Monitor
The software that allows you to check the printer's status.
subtractive colors
Colors produced by pigments that absorb some colors of light and reflect others. See also CMYK.
USB interface
Universal Serial Bus interface. Enables the user to connect up to 127 peripheral devices (such as keyboards, mice, and printers) to the computer through a single, general-purpose port. The use of USB hubs allows you to add additional ports. See also interface.
Software that allows you to monitor and maintain your printer. Together, utilities and the printer driver are referred to as "printer software". See also printer software.
What-you-see-is-what-you-get. This term is used to describe a printout that looks exactly like it appears on screen.


Version 1.00E, Copyright © 2003, SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION